Racial Exclusionism in the New Germany

  • Panikos Panayi


As artificial ethnic entities, nation-states tend to exclude the groups and individuals who do not conform to their rules of citizenship. The methods of exclusion vary from one state to another and depend upon the national traditions existing within an individual nation-state and the system of government. Obviously, a dictatorship like the one which existed in Germany between 1933 and 1945 will behave in a much more extreme way than any contemporary European liberal democracy. The methods of exclusion in the former were ruthless and brutal, while those employed by the latter are of course far more ‘genteel’. Nevertheless, while the methods of discrimination or persecution clearly differ from one country to another and from one system of government to another, all nation-states are ultimately in the same business: the inclusion of those who meet the necessary ethnic criteria for citizenship and the exclusion of those who do not.


Federal Republic Asylum Seeker Liberal Democracy Foreign Worker Republican Party 
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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1998

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  • Panikos Panayi

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