Reorganisation and Beyond
In Chapters 4 and 5 we outlined the current structure of local government in the UK and how it had come — and was continuing to come — into existence. We described the almost continuous process of structural reform, starting with London in the 1960s and embracing the rest of the country in the early 1970s, that produced, for a brief period, an almost nationwide and thus fairly easily comprehensible two-tier system of principal sub-central government. Except in Northern Ireland and the Scottish island authorities, we had counties or regions divided into districts or boroughs with most local functions and service responsibilities allocated to one or other tier. We also indicated, though, how short-lived this system was to prove. For, by the mid-1980s, we had seen the abolition of the Greater London Council and the English metropolitan county councils and the reorganisation roundabout was revolving once again. Each main party thus went into the 1992 General Election with its own restructuring agenda and of course, with the Conservatives’ victory, it is their manifesto proposals that have since been implemented.
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