NATO’s Double Enlargement: New Tasks, New Members

  • Ronald D. Asmus

Abstract

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization is perhaps the most successful alliance in history, but it faces a growing paradox. On the one hand, hardly a week passes without senior officials in the US and Europe lauding its importance. The Alliance has become involved in peace implementation in Bosnia and is preparing to embrace the new democracies in East-Central Europe. Even Paris, Washington’s old nemesis in the struggle for leadership in Europe, has abandoned its traditional Gaullist aspirations of an independent European defence and shifted gears to become more deeply engaged.

Keywords

Europe Coherence Turkey Arena Ghost 

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Notes

  1. 2.
    For further details on this argument see Ronald D. Asmus, Robert D. Blackwill and F. Stephen Larrabee, ‘Can NATO Survive?’ Washington Quarterly, 19, no. 2 (Spring 1996) 79–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    As Lawrence Freedman wrote in 1993: ‘The underlying assumption of the early designs for the European order was that the benefits of the Western political system and economic system would gradually be extended eastwards as the new states adopted liberal constitutions and market reforms... However, the faltering of the integrative push in the West and the strength of the disintegrative tendencies in the East have suggested a contrary possibility. Crudely extrapolated, this produces an almost apocalyptic image of inexorable fragmentation disrupting what had been assumed to be some of the world’s most ordered and advanced societies.’ See Lawrence Freedman, Strategic Studies and the New Eur-ope, in European Security after the Cold War, Part I, Conference Papers, Adelphi Papers, no. 284 (London: International Institute for Strategic Studies, January 1994), 15–27.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    For further details see Ronald D. Asmus, F. Stephen Larrabee and Ian O. Lesser, ‘Mediterranean Security: New Challenges, New Tasks’, NATO Review, 44, no. 3 (May 1996), 25–31.Google Scholar
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    For further details on the debate over the rationale and how this affects the modalities of NATO enlargement, see Ronald D. Asmus, Richard L. Kugler and F. Stephen Larrabee, ‘NATO Enlargement: The Next Steps’, Survival, 37, no. 1 (Spring 1995), 7–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    For some thoughts on how to deal with the Baltic states, see Ronald D. Asmus and Robert Nurick, ‘NATO Enlargement and the Baltic States’, Survival, 38, no. 2 (Summer 1996), 121–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    See Ronald D. Asmus, Richard Kugler and F. Stephen Larrabee, ‘What Will NATO Enlargement Cost?’ Survival, 38, no. 3 (Autumn 1996), 6–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    See Hanns W. Maull, ‘Zivilmacht Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Vierzehn Thesen für eine neue deutsche Aussenpolitik’, Europa Archiv, 10 (1992), 269–78.Google Scholar
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    Some critics on the left go so far as to claim that ‘normalization’ will end up a slippery slope toward the remilitarization and renationalization of German society and a political shift toward the right. While such concerns are, in the view of at least this author, wildly exaggerated, they underscore the maze of problems which still need to be addressed. See, for example, Peter Glotz, Die falsche Normalisierung, Essays (Frankfurt a.M.: Suhrkamp Verlag, 1994).Google Scholar
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    See Richard L. Kugler, US-West European Co-operation in Out-of-Area Military Operations: Problems and Prospects (Santa Monica, CA: RAND, MR-349-USDP 1994)Google Scholar
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    For further details on the restructuring of the Bundeswehr see Ronald D. Asmus, Germany’s Contribution to Peacekeeping: Issues and Outlook (Santa Monica: RAND, MR-602-OSD 1995).Google Scholar

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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1997

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  • Ronald D. Asmus

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