Advertisement

Sergei Fedorovich Ol’denburg: Non-Communist Cooperator

  • Vera Tolz
Part of the Studies in Russian and East European History and Society book series (SREEHS)

Abstract

Academician Sergei Fedorovich Ol’denburg was another leading Russian scholar who almost immediately after the October Revolution decided to cooperate with the Bolshevik government. By advocating a dialogue between scientists and the new regime, he attempted to achieve a compromise between the Bolsheviks and the academy. Ol’denburg was apparently motivated not so much by considerations of self-promotion, but rather by a desire to preserve the Academy of Sciences’ role as the leading scientific institution in the country. His position therefore differs from that of Academician Nikolai Marr, whose cooperation with the new regime seems to be primarily dictated by his personal interests. Nevertheless, some academicians with prerevolutionary careers initially failed to understand Ol’denburg’s position.1 More important is the fact that his attempt to find a balance between cooperation with the Bolsheviks and the preservation of the academy’s tradition was finally rejected by the Soviet authorities.

Keywords

Oriental Study October Revolution Fellow Academician Fiftieth Anniversary Soviet Authority 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 13.
    Loren R. Graham, The Soviet Academy of Sciences and the Communist Party, 1927–1932 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1967) p. 22.Google Scholar
  2. 14.
    On Ol’denburg’s political stand, see William G. Rosenberg, Liberals in the Russian Revolution (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1974).Google Scholar
  3. 15.
    Ol’denburg expounds this idea in S.F. Ol’denburg, Nauka v Rossii: spravochnyi ezhegodnik (Petrograd: Izdatel’stvo Rossiiskoi Akademii Nauk, 1920).Google Scholar
  4. 17.
    G.D. Alekseeva, Oktyabr’skaya revolyutsiya i istoricheskaya nauka, 1917–1923 gg. (Moscow: Nauka, 1968), pp. 263–4.Google Scholar
  5. 23.
    Sergei Belomortsev, ‘Bol’shevizatsiya akademii nauk,’ in Posev, XLVI, November 18, 1951, p. 11.Google Scholar
  6. 26.
    V.M. Alekseev, ‘Sergei Fedorovich Ol’denburg kak organizator i rukovoditel’ nashikh orientalistov,’ in Zapiski Instituta vostokovedeniya Akademii nauk SSSR, no. IV (Moscow and Leningrad: Izdatel’stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR, 1935) pp. 40–1.Google Scholar
  7. 35.
    Izvestiya Rossiiskoi Akademii nauk, no. 1/18, 1920, p. 12. The translation is taken from Aleksandr Vucinich, Empire of Knowledge. The Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1917–1970) (Berkley: The University of California Press, 1984) p. 96.Google Scholar
  8. 37.
    S.F. Ol’denburg, Akademiya nauk Soyuza Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik za dvesti let (Leningrad: Izdatel’stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR, 1926).Google Scholar
  9. 38.
    S.F. Ol’denburg, ‘Voprosy organizatsii nauchnoi raboty,’ in M.A. Blokh et al., Tvorchestvo, vol. 1 (Petrograd: Izdatel’svo Rossiiskoi Akademii Nauk: 1923) pp. 8–14Google Scholar
  10. 48.
    Nicholas Poppe, Reminiscences (Bellingham, Washington: Western Washington University, 1983) p. 110.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Vera Tolz 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vera Tolz
    • 1
  1. 1.University of SalfordEngland

Personalised recommendations