Criminology’s Traditional and Persistent Bias
Since it emerged as a scientific discipline in the 19th century, criminology has exhibited and continues to exhibit a clear bias. Research and theory have focused on crimes by the powerless, not the powerful; crime in the streets, not crime in the suites; conventional crime, not white collar crime; crime by individuals, not crime by governments and corporations; disorganized crime, not organized crime. Mainstream criminological theories are the product of this slanted attitude. They are based on behaviours that are not necessarily the most injurious, most harmful, or most deleterious; and on offenders who are not necessarily the most vicious, most serious or most dangerous.
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