Development and its Administration
The decades since the end of World War Two have witnessed an unrivalled drive for economic and social development by the majority of the world’s nations. The leaders of these countries (often referred to as the Third World) have exhorted their citizens to strive for development and have formulated policies and implemented programmes towards this end. However, the achievement of development goals in a short time has proved elusive for all except a small number of ‘tigers’ in East Asia. Many processes and factors have been identified as contributing to the differing levels of achievement, and prominent amongst these has been the argument that public sector organizations have often performed poorly. They have failed to provide politicians with sound advice on policy, have taken on inappropriate roles and have been both inefficient and corrupt. Less commonly heard but of equal significance is the argument that countries that have experienced rapid sustained development — South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, Thailand and Malaysia — have had effective public sector organizations.
KeywordsPublic Administration Public Sector Organization Public Choice Theory Liberal Reformulation African Socialism
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