Advertisement

Enlightenment and Empire

  • Murray G. H. Pittock
Chapter
Part of the British Studies Series book series (BRSS)

Abstract

Despite assertions of a unified Protestant identity, one feature which repeatedly recurs in the documentation of regional disturbances in England and Wales in the eighteenth century is the presence of religious tension, usually between Anglicans and Dissenters. Far from being settled in their hegemony, the Anglican Church’s supporters continued to exhibit a degree of insecurity which could border on paranoia:

The Church of England … almost always felt itself in danger. In the early eighteenth century it feared the rising threat from Dissent. In the 1720s and 30s it was alarmed by the growth of the many-headed hydra of heterodoxy: Socinianism, Arianism, Deism, Freemasonry and even atheism. The mid-eighteenth century saw the Anglican clergy worried by the Methodist revival, while in the later eighteenth century they feared the activities of the Rational Dissenters, they found the Evangelicals uncomfortable bed-fellows and they saw an increasing percentage of the urban poor failing to attend their churches … In religious terms, eighteenth-century Britain was already a pluralist society.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    H. T. Dickinson, The Politics of the People in Eighteenth-Century Britain (Basingstoke, 1995 ), p. 5Google Scholar
  2. 1.
    John Cannon, Samuel Johnson and the Politics of Hanoverian England (Oxford, 1994), p. 26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 1.
    Bruce Lenman, Integration, Industrialisation and Enlightenment: Scotland 1746–1832 (London, 1981), pp. 30, 40, 43Google Scholar
  4. 1.
    cf. Murray G. H. Pittock, The Myth of the Jacobite Clans (Edinburgh, 1995), Introduction and chapter 1.Google Scholar
  5. 2.
    Rosalind Marshall, Virgins and Viragos (London, 1983), pp. 102, 196, 315.Google Scholar
  6. 3.
    Nicholas Canny, ‘The Formation of the Irish Mind: Religion, Politics and Gaelic Irish Literature, 1580–1750’, in C. H. E. Philpin (ed.), Nationalism and Popular Protest in Ireland (Cambridge, 1987), pp. 50–79 (51)Google Scholar
  7. 3.
    Sean Murphy, ‘The Dublin Anti-Union Riot of 3 December 1759’, in Gerard O’Brien (ed.), Parliament, Politics and People (Dublin, 1989 ), pp. 49–68.Google Scholar
  8. 4.
    Cf. Edward Said’s Culture and Imperialism (London, 1993) for a colonial reading of Ireland.Google Scholar
  9. 5.
    E. D. Evans, A History of Wales 1600–1815 (Cardiff, 1976 ), pp. 60–1, 71Google Scholar
  10. 5.
    Geraint Jenkins, The Foundations of Modern Wales: Wales 1642–1780 (Oxford, 1987), pp. 219–20, 223.Google Scholar
  11. 7.
    Cf. for example David Allan, Virtue, Learning and the Scottish Enlightenment (Edinburgh, 1993).Google Scholar
  12. 8.
    Anand Chitnis, The Scottish Enlightenment: A Social History (London, 1976), p. 94.Google Scholar
  13. 10.
    Jonathan Clark, Samuel Johnson (Cambridge, 1994)Google Scholar
  14. 10.
    David Daiches, The Scottish Enlightenment (Edinburgh, 1986), pp. 18, 19.Google Scholar
  15. 13.
    Peter Jones, ‘The Polite Academy and the Presbyterians, 1720–1770’, in John Dwyer, Roger Mason and Alexander Murdoch (eds.), New Perspectives on the Politics and Culture of Early Modern Scotland (Edinburgh, n.d. [c. 1983)), pp. 156–78 (158)Google Scholar
  16. 13.
    Michael Lynch, Scotland: A New History (London, 1991).Google Scholar
  17. 16.
    Lynch (1991), p. 343; Colin Kidd, Subverting Scotland’s Past (Cambridge, 1993 )CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 16.
    idem, ‘The canon of patriotic landmarks in Scottish history’, Scotlands (1994), 1–17Google Scholar
  19. 16.
    Marinell Ash, The Strange Death of Scottish History (Edinburgh, 1980), p. 34; Mitchison in Hepburn, p. 95Google Scholar
  20. 16.
    John Davidson, cited in Pittock (1995), p. 26.Google Scholar
  21. 19.
    Michael Fry, ‘The Whig Interpretation of Scottish History’ in Ian Donnachie and Christopher Whatley (eds.), The Manufacture of Scottish History (Edinburgh, 1992), pp. 72–89 (83)Google Scholar
  22. 19.
    John Wilkes, The History of England from the Revolution to the Accession of the Brunswick Line Volume I (London, 1768), pp. 5, 37, 38.Google Scholar
  23. 24.
    John Rule, The Vital Century: England’s Developing Economy 1714–1815 (London, 1992), p. 268; Lenman (1981), pp. 89, 93Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Paul Langford, Public Life and the Propertied Englishman (Oxford, 1991), pp. 8, 34.Google Scholar
  25. 26.
    Cf. Jeremy Black, The Grand Tour (Oxford, 1992); Colley (1992), p. 179.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Murray G. H. Pittock 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Murray G. H. Pittock
    • 1
  1. 1.EdinburghUK

Personalised recommendations