The Ukraine to which Khrushchev returned lay in ruins. Industry was devastated, and agriculture faced shortages of seed, labour and machinery. There was insufficient housing for the population that remained, and millions of people were flooding into the republic — evacuees from the Urals, demobilised soldiers, former POWs and gastarbeiten who had been taken to Germany as labourers during the occupation. In 1945 Ukrainian industry reached only a quarter of its pre-war output, and grain procurement was worse than in the previous year, despite the fact that not all of the republic had been liberated in time for the 1944 harvest.
KeywordsSpring Wheat Political Life Central Committee Party Organisation Collective Farm
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