Organised Dependence: Politicians and Bureaucrats in Japan

Part of the St Antony’s Series book series


By 1994 it had become anachronistic to think of Japan’s system of ministries and elite bureaucrats as contributing to the political and economic vitality of the nation.2 The bureaucracy is held responsible by some for increasingly rancorous trade conflicts with the United States.3 With the LDP’s loss of power in the summer of 1993, the intransigence of the bureaucracy on matters of policy, particularly on the issue of tax reform, has often left politicians looking inept and too willing to surrender the privileges and responsibilities of leadership to bureaucrats.4


Prime Minister Opposition Parti Home Affair Coordination Agency Cabinet Minister 
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© E. B. Keehn 1997

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