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Creativity without Diversity? The Anomalous Case of the Japanese University

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Abstract

Is it possible to have cultural creativity — in the realm of the intellect, in the arts, in matters of the spirit, in technological innovation and the like — without cultural diversity, in particular without human diversity, that is to say, without a direct personal interaction and openness between creative minds from differing cultural, racial and national backgrounds?

Keywords

Faculty Meeting Liberal Democratic Party Foreign Scholar Japanese Scholar Foreign Participation 
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Notes

  1. 1.
    Seizaburo Sato, symposium comment in Yomiuri Shimbunsha, editors and publishers, Shin Nihonjinron (A New View of the Japanese), Tokyo, 1986, pp. 12–13.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kitamura Kazuyuki, Daigaku Kyoiku no Kokusaika (The Internationalisation of University Education), Tokyo, Tamagawa Daigaku Shuppanbu, 1984, pp. 30–1. I am indebted to Professor Kitamura, both personally and through his book, for many of the insights and information on the tenure question. For the tenure system in the Meiji period, see Kitamura, op.cit., chapter 4.Google Scholar
  3. For a general background on the Meiji university, the reader is referred to two of my previous writings: Ivan P. Hall, Mori Arinori, Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1973, and ‘Organisational Paralysis: the Case of Todai’, in Ezra F. Vogel (ed.), Modern Japanese Organisation and Decision-Making, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 3.
    From Inoue Tetsujiro, Kaikyuroku (Reminiscences), 1943, as quoted by Kitantura, op. cit. , p. 40.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Quotations from Erwin Baelz, Toku Baelz (ed.), Awakening Japan: the Diary of a German Doctor, Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 1974; translated from the German, Das Leben eines deutschen Arztes im erwachenden Japan, Stuttgart, J. Engelhorns Nachfolger, 1931.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kitamura, op.cit., p. 39, and Elizabeth Stevenson, Lafcadio Hearn, New York, Macmillan, 1961 p. 311.Google Scholar
  7. 11.
    Monbusho (Ministry of Education), Gakko Kihon Chosa Hokokusho (Heisei 5-Nen): Koto Kyoiku Hen (Report on the Basic Survey of Schools (1992): Higher Educational Institutions), Tokyo, 1992, p. 176.Google Scholar

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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1997

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