Basic Processes of Regional Economic Development in China

  • Yang Kaizhong


The role and status of regional economies in the national economy is very prominent in China, a developing country with a vast territory and very large population. In both theory and practice, it is very important to explore regional economic development in that country. This chapter describes, analyzes and predicts the processes involved, focusing on the period since 1978. Three basic processes are highlighted namely shift in the growth centre from North to South China since 1978; the industrial geographical division, concentrated in the areas along the coastal and Yangtze river areas, which came into being after 1978; and a shift in national regional economic policies from a balance strategy during 1949–78 to an imbalance strategy during 1979–90, and then to an integrated development strategy since 1990.


Central Government Regional Cooperation Development Zone Regional Economic Development Yangtze River 
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  1. Yang Kaizhong (1994a) ‘Industrial Structural Changes and Regional Division and Growth’, Acta Geographica Sinica, vol. 48, no. 6, pp. 481–9.Google Scholar
  2. Yang Kaizhong (1994b) ‘Regional Inequality and Processes of National Development in China’, Journal of Economic Research (Jing Ji Yuan Jin), no. 12, pp. 28–33.Google Scholar

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© Manas Chatterji and Yang Kaizhong 1997

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  • Yang Kaizhong

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