Opposition to Stalinism
Opposition to Stalin and his policies in party circles was at its maximum in 1932–4 — the years of famine and its aftermath. The anti-Stalinist Ryutin platform, produced by a small group of dissident Communists in the autumn of 1932, was widely known among the Moscow and Leningrad élite.’ New evidence has confirmed the rumours that a substantial number of delegates to the XVII Party Congress in January-February 1934 failed to cast their votes for Stalin as a member of the central committee. Even the extremely cautious official party account issued in 1989 concluded that 166 delegates had failed to vote in the elections for the central committee, a most unusual event at a party congress.2
KeywordsCentral Committee Collective Farm Party Secretary October Revolution Secret Police
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- 5.See for example L. R. Graham, The Soviet Academy of Sciences and the Communist Party, 1927–1932 (Princeton, 1967 ), p. 201.Google Scholar
- 14.See Davies (1989), pp. 86–7, and R. Marsh, History and Literature in Contemporary Russia (Basingstoke and London, 1995), pp. 88–91.Google Scholar
- 15.See R. W. Davies, The Socialist Offensive: the Collectivisation of Agriculture, 1929–1930 (Basingstoke and London, 1980 ), pp. 255–61.Google Scholar
- 19.E. A. Osokina, lerarkhiya potrebleniya: o zhizni lyudei v usloviyakh stalinskogo snabzheniya, 1928–1935gg. (1993), p. 26.Google Scholar