Environmentally Orientated Product Policies, Competitiveness and Market Access
Environmentally orientated product policies establish certain criteria for the design, content and/or disposal of products in order to minimise their environmental impact. They often take the form of standards and regulations, market-based instruments, product liability requirements or labelling and information conditions. These policies may be voluntary in nature or mandated by governments.
KeywordsProduct Category Market Access Product Policy Trade Effect Economic Instrument
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Notes and references
- 1.See G. Bennet and B. Verhoeve, ‘Environmental Product Standards in Western Europe, the U.S. and Japan: A Guidebook’, final report prepared under contract to the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in cooperation with the Commission of the European Communities and USAID, December 1993.Google Scholar
- 2.See J. Grimmett, ‘The Case of Recycled Paper in Newsprint’, paper presented at an informal OECD expert workshop on Trade and Environment: Issues Pertaining to Processes and Production Methods (PPMs), Helsinki, 6–7 April 1994.Google Scholar
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