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Global Apartheid and the Challenge to Civil Society: Africa in the transformation of world order

  • Fantu Cheru
Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)

Abstract

If the 1970s were characterised by the widespread success of the armed liberation struggle in Africa, the 1980s might have been billed as the lost development decade for the continent. Many sub-Saharan African countries witnessed either stagnation or a reversal of the gains of the 1960s and 1970s. The 1990s, which ushered dramatic changes in the world, starting first with the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War, are unlikely to bring better economic and political prospects for most countries in the continent.1 Grinding poverty is so extensive that the major international organisations are predicting more hard times for Africa. Many countries may descend into a desperate spiral of anarchy, looting, famine and self-destruction. The scourge of the AIDs epidemic, ethnic conflicts, ecological degradation and economic mismanagement will continue to have a profound impact on the future directions of Africa’s democratisation. These developments are taking place against the background of unprecedented changes in global economic and political relationships in which Africa will have only a marginal role to play.

Keywords

Foreign Direct Investment Civil Society African Country Security Council Commodity Price 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

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    World Bank, World Debt Tables, 1992–93 ( Washington, D.C.: 1992 ).Google Scholar
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    United Nations, World Economic Survey 1992 ( New York: UN Department of Economic and Social Development, 1992 ) pp. 57–8.Google Scholar
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    Chakravarthi Raghavan, Recolonization: GATT and the Uruguay Round ( London: Zed Press, 1991 ).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The United Nations University 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fantu Cheru

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