The Fedayeen and Women’s Struggle
In post-revolutionary Iran, the Organization of the Iranian People’s Fedayeen (OIPF) was the largest and most popular left organization. Hence, its political position had a determining impact on leftist activities in general. The National Union of Women (NUW) also represented the strongest voice in the women’s movement. The populist ideology that infiltrated NUW, through the socialist women appointed to its leadership, obstructed the growth of gender consciousness and stifled women’s struggle for equal rights. Such struggle could have exposed the issues and conditions of women’s oppression, specifically revealing the conservative and patriarchal character of the revolution and post-revolutionary development. The paternalistic and gendered attitudes of most socialist men, who dominated the leadership of the OIPF, also defined women’s interests on behalf of women and women’s organization around issues that these men perceived as women’s goals.
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