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The Fedayeen and Women’s Struggle

  • Haideh Moghissi
Part of the Women’s Studies at York Series book series (WSYS)

Abstract

In post-revolutionary Iran, the Organization of the Iranian People’s Fedayeen (OIPF) was the largest and most popular left organization. Hence, its political position had a determining impact on leftist activities in general. The National Union of Women (NUW) also represented the strongest voice in the women’s movement. The populist ideology that infiltrated NUW, through the socialist women appointed to its leadership, obstructed the growth of gender consciousness and stifled women’s struggle for equal rights. Such struggle could have exposed the issues and conditions of women’s oppression, specifically revealing the conservative and patriarchal character of the revolution and post-revolutionary development. The paternalistic and gendered attitudes of most socialist men, who dominated the leadership of the OIPF, also defined women’s interests on behalf of women and women’s organization around issues that these men perceived as women’s goals.

Keywords

Individual Liberty Sexual Division Armed Struggle Islamic Veil Revolutionary Struggle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Nabard-e Khalgh. No. 7, May 1976, cited in B. Jazani, Capitalism and Revolution in Iran: Selected Writings of Bizhan Jazani (London: Zed Press, 1980) p. iv.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    V. Moghadam, ‘Socialism or Anti-Imperialism? The Left and Revolution in Iran’ New Left Review 166, (1987) pp. 5–57.Google Scholar
  3. 14.
    A. Dehghani, Cherik-e Fadaii-ye Khalgh Rafigh Ashraf-e Dehghani Sokhan Migooyad (The People’s Fedaii, Comrade Ashraf Dehghani Speaks) (Iran’s National Front Publication outside the Country, 1971/1352) pp. 32–34.Google Scholar
  4. 21.
    On workplace councils after the revolution in Iran, see S. Rahnema, ‘Work Councils in Iran: The Illusions of Workers’ Control’, Industrial and Economic Democracy: An International Journal 13, (February 1991), andGoogle Scholar
  5. A. Bayat, Workers’ Councils in Iran, (London: Zed Press, 1987).Google Scholar
  6. 37.
    Ibid. The translation of this article from A. Tabari and N. Yeganeh, In the Shadow of Islam: The Women’s Movement in Iran, (London: Zed Press, 1982) pp. 127–9.Google Scholar
  7. 45.
    A. P. Mendel, Dilemmas of Progress in Tsarist Russia, (Boston: Harvard University Press, 1961) p. 12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Haideh Moghissi 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haideh Moghissi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Sociology Atkinson CollegeYork UniversityTorontoCanada

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