The Emerging Women’s Movement

  • Haideh Moghissi
Part of the Women’s Studies at York Series book series (WSYS)


Women did not emerge as a separate political force until their involvement in the national struggle for constitutional government during 1905–11. Restrictions which deprived women of education, paid work outside the home and social activities had not been conducive to political consciousness and activity. The general belief, promoted by the clerics, was that women’s education was against Islam. Women’s literacy was such a social stigma that literate women had to hide their education.1 As for economic activities outside the home, the only profession recognized (and regulated) by the government was prostitution. Poor abandoned women and widows joined this profession and paid taxes.2


Iranian Woman Iranian Society Parliamentary Democracy Gender Consciousness Constitutional Government 
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Copyright information

© Haideh Moghissi 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haideh Moghissi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Sociology Atkinson CollegeYork UniversityTorontoCanada

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