The Emerging Women’s Movement

  • Haideh Moghissi
Part of the Women’s Studies at York Series book series (WSYS)

Abstract

Women did not emerge as a separate political force until their involvement in the national struggle for constitutional government during 1905–11. Restrictions which deprived women of education, paid work outside the home and social activities had not been conducive to political consciousness and activity. The general belief, promoted by the clerics, was that women’s education was against Islam. Women’s literacy was such a social stigma that literate women had to hide their education.1 As for economic activities outside the home, the only profession recognized (and regulated) by the government was prostitution. Poor abandoned women and widows joined this profession and paid taxes.2

Keywords

Europe Tempo 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    E. Sanasarian, The Women’s Rights Movement in Iran; Mutiny, Appeasement, and Repression from 1900 to Khomeini, (New York: Praeger Publishers, 1983) p. 14.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    See H. Nateq, ‘Negahi Beh Barkhi Neveshteha Va Mobarezat-e Zanan Dar Doureh Mashrotiat’ (‘A Brief Look at Some Writings and Struggles of Women During Constitutional Revolution’) Ketab-e Jome 30 (23 Esfand 1358/February 1980) pp. 45–53.Google Scholar
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  4. 4.
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    See M. Afkhami, ‘Iran: A Future in the Past; The ‘Pre-revolutionary’ Women’s Movement’ in R. Morgan (ed.), Sisterhood is Global, (Garden City, NY: Anchor Press/Doubleday, 1984) p. 330.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Haideh Moghissi 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haideh Moghissi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Sociology Atkinson CollegeYork UniversityTorontoCanada

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