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North Korea in Retrospect

  • Aidan Foster-Carter
Part of the St Antony’s Series book series

Abstract

This chapter seeks to perform several related tasks, possibly too many. More generally, it asks what North Korea means and has meant. That deceptively simple question unpacks into at least two strands.

Keywords

Korean Peninsula Classical Sociologist Nuclear Issue Peasant Society Korean History 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    ‘North Korea: The End of the Beginning’ in David Goodman (ed.), Communism and Reform in East Asia (London: Frank Cass, 1988) pp. 64–85. Also published in Journal of Communist Studies, 3 (December 1987).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Korea’s Coming Reunification: Another East Asian Superpower?. (London: Economist Intelligence Unit [EIU], Special Report No. M212, April 1992), eg. pp. 3–4 and Chs 7–8; ‘The Gradualist Pipedream: Prospects and Pathways for Korean Reunification’ in Andrew Mack (ed.), Asian Flashpoint: Security and the Korean Peninsula (St Leonards, NSW: Allen and Unwin, 1993), pp. 159–75; North Korea after Kim II-sung: Controlled Collapse? (London: EIU, Briefing No. M219, September 1994). See Chs 5 and 6.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    See my ‘North Korea. Development and Self-Reliance: A Critical [sic] Appraisal’, Part III and Ch. 5 in Gavan McCormack and John Gittings (eds), Crisis in Korea (Nottingham: Spokesman Books, 1977) pp. 69–105. Published in the USA as Gavan McCormack and Mark Selden (eds), Korea North and South: The Deepening Crisis (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1978). My chapter also appeared in Bulletin of Concerned Asia Scholars , 9 (March 1977).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    The classic independent source is Joseph Sang-Hoon Chung, The North Korean Economy: Structure and Development (Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press, 1974).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Economic Research Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, The Building of an Independent National Economy in Korea (Pyongyang: Foreign Languages Publishing House [FLPH], 1977).Google Scholar
  6. Clive Y. Thomas, Dependence and Transformation (New York and London: Monthly Review Press, 1974).Google Scholar
  7. 6.
    For example, ‘Neo-Marxist Approaches to Development and Underdevelopment’ in Emanuel de Kadt and Gavan Williams (eds), Sociology and Development (London: Tavistock, 1974) pp. 67–105; and ‘From Rostow to Gunder Frank: Conflicting Paradigms in the Analysis of Underdevelopment’ in World Development, 4 (March 1976).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Walden Bello and Stephanie Rosenfeld, Dragons in Distress: Asia’s Miracle Economies in Cnsis (London: Penguin, 1990);Google Scholar
  9. Martin Hart-Landsberg, The Rush To Development: Economic Change and Political Struggle in South Korea (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1993).Google Scholar
  10. 9.
    Gavin Kitching, Development and Underdevelopment in Historical Perspective: Populism, Nationalism, and Industrialization (London: Methuen [now Routledge], 1982).Google Scholar
  11. 10.
    Janos Kornai, The Socialist System: The Political Economy of Communism (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 13.
    Kim , Collected Works, 35 (January–December 1980) (Pyongyang: FLPH, 1989).Google Scholar
  13. 16.
    See Erik Van Wee, ‘The Limits of Juche: North Korea’s Dependence on Soviet Industrial Aid 1973–86’ in Journal of Communist Studies , 5 (1989) p. 50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 17.
    For dependence on the USSR, beside Van Ree, see Marina Trigubenko (ed.), Koreiskaya Narodno-Demokraticheskaya Respublika (Moscow: Nauka, 1985), especially Part III, Ch. 2. (thanks are due to Dr Judith Nordby for translation assistance).Google Scholar
  15. 21.
    David Lee and Howard Newby, The Problem of Sociology (London: Hutchinson, 1983). The Spencer table appears on p. 78.Google Scholar
  16. 22.
    See Nicholas Eberstadt and Judith Banister, The Population of North Korea (Berkeley: Institute of East Asian Studies, University of California 1992), Table 10, p. 30.Google Scholar
  17. 23.
    See Richard Kagan et. al., Human Rights in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (Washington, DC: Asia Watch, 1988) p. 34ff.Google Scholar
  18. 33.
    A good introduction to these debates is Teodor Shanin (ed.), Peasants and Peasant Societies (London: Penguin, 1971; new edition 1988); especially the section on ‘peasantry as a culture’.Google Scholar
  19. 34.
    Edward Banfield, The Moral Basis of a Backward Society (New York: Free Press, 1958), p. 85. Quoted by Gerrit Huizer in Shanin (ed.), (1971) p. 392.Google Scholar
  20. 35.
    G. M. Foster, ‘Peasant Society and the Image of Limited Good’ in American Anthropologist 67 (1965) and subsequent debate in that journal.Google Scholar
  21. 36.
    Discussed in EIU, Country Report: North Korea (London: EIU, first quarter 1995) pp. 53–4.Google Scholar
  22. 42.
    Jae-Jean Suh and Byoung-Lo P Kim, Prospects for Changes in Kim Jong Il Regime (Seoul: RINU, Policy Studies Report, Series No. 2, December 1994).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aidan Foster-Carter

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