At the end of our comparative journey to some of the hotspots of ethnic conflict in the world (and to one or two countries where open conflict was avoided), there are a number of questions which may be posed, and perhaps some which might find an answer. Are we in fact speaking about the same thing when we describe such disparate situations as have been covered in this volume as ‘ethnic’ conflicts? Has not the the term ‘ethnicity’ become a useful but perhaps over simplifying catch-all for what used to be called ‘class struggle’ or a ‘war of national liberation’ or conflict over ‘nation-building’ or simply a ‘power struggle’? Does the ‘ethnic’ label actually help explain and distinguish a certain kind of conflict from other kinds of conflict, or does it, on the contrary, only confuse the issues?
KeywordsEthnic Group Indigenous People Ethnic Identity Major Ethnic Group Ethnic Conflict
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