Economic Reform in North Korea

  • Frederick Nixson
  • Paul Collins

Abstract

The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea has for long been one of the most isolated economies in the world. The Korean peninsular was occupied by Japan in 1905, was formally declared a colony in 1910 and integrated into Japan’s ‘highly militarised empire’1 until the end of World War II. The northern part of Korea was liberated by the Soviet Red Army in August 1945 and Soviet occupation continued until late 1948 when the DPRK was formally established in the north, divided at the 38th parallel from the south (the Republic of Korea (ROK)). The regimes in the DPRK and the Republic of Korea both continue to claim jurisdiction over the entire nation.

Keywords

Direct Foreign Investment Foreign Trade United Nations Development Programme World Order Export Promotion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Jon Halliday, ‘The North Korean Enigma’ in Gordon White, Robin Murray and Christine White (eds), Revolutionary Socialist Development in the Third World (Brighton: Wheatsheaf, 1983).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Peter Lowe, The Origins of the Korean War (London and New York: Longman, 1986).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Halliday, op.cit. p. 131.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hazel Smith, ‘DPRK Foreign Policy in the 1990s: More Realist than Revolutionary?’, paper presented to Conference on North Korea and the New World Order, mimeo, City of London Polytechnic, October, 1992.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Halliday, op.cit.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Smith, op.cit.Google Scholar
  7. 10.
    John Burton, ‘The North-South Divide’, Financial Times, 24 October 1994.Google Scholar
  8. 11.
    Frederick Nixson and Paul Collins, ‘The Democratic Peoples’ Republic of Korea; the reluctant reformer’ in Paul Cook and Frederick Nixson (eds), The Move to the Market? Trade and Industry Policy Reform in Transitional Economies (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1995).Google Scholar
  9. 13.
    J. Jeffrey Smith, ‘Nuclear Pact’s Hidden Agenda; Tie North Korea to Neighbours’, International Herald Tribune, 24 October 1994.Google Scholar
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    Donald J. Roy, ‘Real Product and Income in China, Cuba, North Korea and Vietnam’, Development Policy Review, March, 1990, vol. 8, no. 1.Google Scholar
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    Eui-Gak Hwang, (1993) The Korean Economies: A comparison of North and South (Oxford: Oxford Clarendon Press, 1993).Google Scholar
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    Myoung-Kym Kang and Keun Lee, ‘Industrial Systems and Reform in North Korea: A Comparison with China’, World Development, July, vol. 20, no. 7 (1992).Google Scholar
  13. 21.
    Greater detail to these management development issues is found in Paul Collins and Frederick Nixson, ‘Public Sector Management and the transition to a more open economy: cautious reform in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK)’, Public Administration and Development, October, vol. 13, no. 4Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick Nixson
  • Paul Collins

There are no affiliations available

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