The first recorded European involvement with Korea is that of the Dutch merchant seaman, Hendrik Hamel, whose ship ran aground on Cheju Island in 1656. The survivors were detained and some thirteen years later, Hamel and others escaped and made their way home. Hamel’s adventures became the first written account of Korea to appear in the West. Catholic missionaries followed, apparently through contacts in China, and their zeal was often matched with an equal zeal to resist. In 1831 the Holy See set up a Korean parish, but it was the US and Japan which opened up Korea in the 1870s.
KeywordsEuropean Union European Economic Community Hard Currency South Korean Government Korean Parish
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- 17.For discussion on German parallels see Helmut Schmidt, ‘Lessons of the German Reunification for Korea’, in Security Dialogue, vol. 24(4), December 1993.Google Scholar