Macroeconomics and Marginalisation: The Triumph of Hope over Experience

  • Tony Hawkins


The search for appropriate macroeconomic policies to entrench recovery and restore growth to sub-Saharan Africa is increasingly bedevilled by disputes over the trade-off between economic efficiency and equity. In the two decades prior to Africa’s widespread adoption of structural adjustment, macroeconomic policy ‘unmarginalised’ a number of economies—Angola, Nigeria, Zambia, Zaire—for limited periods, while marginalising the poor. Resource-intensive development of plantation agriculture, energy or mining achieved growth of an enclave economy nature with very little, if any, trickledown to the poor, especially the rural poor.


Foreign Direct Investment Human Development Index Structural Adjustment Institutional Capacity Wealth Distribution 
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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tony Hawkins

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