Summary, Overlook, and Conclusions



The preceding chapters have presented a detailed account of the activities of Jean Price-Mars and other members of the Haitian elite during the American Occupation of Haiti and the early years of Sténio Vincent’s presidency. We have learned how Haiti regained its military but not its financial independence, and of how, even as this happened, Vincent usurped the powers of a democratic Congress and established a dictatorship by popular consent. In the end, Price-Mars and those working with him had failed to convince the majority of the elite that they should reverse age-old conceptions of color, class, and individual power, and unite with the people for the “national good.”


Civil Liberty Financial Independence American Policy American Occupation African Heritage 
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    Melville J. Herskovits, The New World Negro (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1966), p. 76.Google Scholar
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    George E. Simpson, Preface, in Magdaline W. Shannon, trans., So Spoke the Uncle by Jean Price-Mars (Washington, D.C.: Three Continents Press, 1983), p. viii.Google Scholar
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    Roger Bastide, “Le Dr. J. Price-Mars et le Vodou,” in Temoignages sur la vie et l’oeuvre du Dr. Jean Price-Mars, 1876–1956, ed. Emmanuel C. Paul and Jean Fouchard (Port-au-Prince: Imprimerie de l’Etat, 1956), pp. 196–202.Google Scholar
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    Gordon K. Lewis, Main Currents in Caribbean Thought: The Historical Evolution of Caribbean Society in Its Ideological Aspects, 1492–1900 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press 1983), p. 183.Google Scholar

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© Magdaline W. Shannon 1996

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