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Price-Mars and the Period of Haitian-American Adjustment, 1930–3

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Abstract

The events of 1929 and 1930 had rejuvenated the Haitian nation and left it looking forward “expectantly to certain liberation.”1 The US State Department, however, was firmly convinced that Haitianization or relaxation of US control ought to proceed gradually.2 There would be some progress during the next three years, but it was bound to be accompanied by complaints and new controversies.3 As US troops remained on Haitian soil and Haitian divisiveness re-emerged, both sides would find it difficult to adjust to the changing situation.

Keywords

Financial Adviser Foreign Relation Black Middle Class Military Mission American Occupation 
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Notes

  1. 1.
    Dantès Bellegarde, La Résistance haitienne (Montreal: Editions Beauchemin, 1937), p. 172.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    Raymond L. Buell, “Caribbean Troubles,” Foreign Policy Association News Bulletin, X, No. 4 (November 28, 1930), 2.Google Scholar
  3. 8.
    Lyonel Paquin, The Haitians: Class and Color Politics (Brooklyn: Multi-Type, 1983), pp. 79–80; SD 838.00 General Conditions/55, pp. 7–8; Jean-Pierre Cloutier, “Booked Solid,” Haiti Times (Port-au-Prince, June 1, 1986), 13.Google Scholar
  4. 9.
    Jacques C. Antoine, Jean Price-Mars and Haiti (Washington, D.C.: Three Continents Press, 1980), p. 158; David Nicholls, From Dessalines to Duvalier: Race, Colour and National Independence in Haiti (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979), pp. 165–6.Google Scholar
  5. 34.
    Max H. Dorsainville, “Haiti and its Institutions: From Colonial Times to 1957,” in The Haitian Potential, ed., Vera Rubin and Richard P. Schaedel (New York: Teachers College Press, Columbia University, 1975), p. 209; Munro to the Secretary of State, August 18, 1932, SD 838.00/3097.Google Scholar
  6. 44.
    Jean Price-Mars, Lettre à mes électeurs du Département du Nord (Port-au-Prince: Impr. V. Valcin, 1933); “En marge de la brochure du Senateur Price Mars,” L’Action Nationale (December 24, 1932).Google Scholar

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© Magdaline W. Shannon 1996

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