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The Development of Jean Price-Mars’ Position Regarding the Problems of Haiti, 1876–1915

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Abstract

To understand the role that Jean Price-Mars would play during the Occupation period, it is necessary to be aware of the kind of man and the type of intellectual he had become by 1915. He had grown up during a troubled period of his nation’s history, but had been raised in an atmosphere of religious tolerance, pride in Haitian folklore, consciousness of his illustrious forebears, and an emphasis on moral commitment, all of which served to stimulate him toward a career that would center on public service and social welfare, rather than on personal gain. These different influences, and the intellectual positions to which they led, helped determine the framework of his actions in later life.

Keywords

Northern Province Diplomatic Relation American Occupation Religious Tolerance Negro History 
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Notes

  1. 1.
    République d’Haiti, Les Codes haitiens (Port-au-Prince: Descauriet, 1828), pp. 581–660.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    République d’Haiti, Saint Siège, Concordat signé à Rome le 28 mars 1860 … (Port-au-Prince, Impr. Nationale, 1904); J. C. Dorsainvil, Manuel d’histoire d’Haiti, 2nd edn. (1924; rpt. Port-au-Prince: Editions Henri Deschamps, 1934), p. 231.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ibid., pp. 238–9; Dantès Bellegarde, La Nation haitienne (Paris: J. de Gigord, 1938), p. 122; Sir Spenser St. John, Hayti or The Black Republic (London: Smith, Elder, 1884), pp. 210–23.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jean Price-Mars, “La Diplomatie haitienne et l’indépendance dominicaine (1858–1867),” Revue de la Société d’Histoire et de Géographie d’Haiti, 10, No. 32 (1939), 1–72; and Charles Sumner in Silhouettes de Nègres et de Nègrophiles (Paris: Presence Africaine, 1960), pp. 163–95; Ludwell Lee Montague, Haiti and the United States, 1714–1938 (Durham: Duke University Press, 1940), pp. 103–10; Jacques C. Antoine, Jean Price-Mars and Haiti (Washington, D.C.: Three Continents Press, 1981), p. 18.Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    Jean Price-Mars, “Les Origins et le destin d’un nom Jean-Baptiste Belley Mars, l’ancêtre,” Revue de la Société d’Histoire et de Géographie d’Haiti, 12, No. 36 (1940), 1–24; C. L. R. James, The Black Jacobins, 2nd edn. rev. (1938; New York: Vintage Books, 1963), pp. 139–42; Robert Fikes, Jr, “Jean-Baptiste Belley-Mars: the Obscure Life, the Authentic Legacy,” Negro History Bulletin, 45 (1982), 16.Google Scholar
  6. 14.
    Jean Price-Mars, Lettre ouverte au Dr. René Piquion, 2nd edn. (Port-au-Prince: Ed. des Antilles, 1967), p. 8.Google Scholar
  7. 15.
    Jean Price-Mars, Ebauches … Vilbrun Guillaume-Sam: Ce Méconnu (Port-au-Prince: Impr. de l’Etat, 1961), pp. 5–6.Google Scholar
  8. 21.
    Jean Price-Mars, Le Bilan des études ethnologiques en Haiti et le cycle du nègre (Port-au-Prince: Imprimerie de l’Etat, 1954), p. 10.Google Scholar
  9. 22.
    Jean Price-Mars, Une Etape de l’évolution haitienne (Port-au-Prince: Imprimerie de La Presse, 1929), p. 19.Google Scholar
  10. 29.
    Fleury Féquière, L’Education haitienne (Port-au-Prince: Impr. de l’Abeille, 1906), pp. 107–18, 490–2.Google Scholar
  11. 30.
    Jean Finot, Le Préjugé des races (Paris: F. Alcan, 1906).Google Scholar
  12. 33.
    Dantès Bellegarde, “Hommage à Price-Mars,” in Témoinages sur la vie et l’oeuvre du Dr. Jean Price Mars: 1876–1956 (Port-au-Prince: Imprimerie de l’Etat, 1956), pp. 6–8.Google Scholar
  13. 64.
    Raymond Leslie Buell, “The American Occupation of Haiti,” Foreign Policy Reports, V (New York: Foreign Policy Association, 1929–30), p. 339; Price-Mars, Ebauches … Vilbrun G. Sam, pp. 98–118, in particular, p. 117. These pages contain the report of Fuller to the Secretary of State, June 14, 1915. See also Woodrow Wilson to Secretary of State, July 2, 1915, SD 838.00/1197, which requests Bryan’s opinion on Fuller’s recommendation that the US intervene in Haitian affairs along the lines of the Platt Amendment in Cuba.Google Scholar

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© Magdaline W. Shannon 1996

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