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The Lines of Communication: The Civil War Defences of London

  • Victor Smith
  • Peter Kelsey

Abstract

During 1642–3 London, Westminster and Southwark were given the protection of the most extensive defensive circuit built by either side during the English Civil War. This was the eleven-mileslong ‘Lines of Communication’, as the defences were called, which consisted of a ring of forts or sconces joined by a rampart and ditch.1 Although not amounting to a city fortress in a continental sense, the lines were among the larger urban defensive enclosures in early modern Europe.

Keywords

Eighteenth Century Teenth Century Main Defence Ground Disturbance Security Circuit 
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Notes

  1. 5.
    A. Kemp, ‘The fortification of Oxford during the Civil War’, Oxoniensia, 42 (1977), 237–46.Google Scholar
  2. 6.
    Quoted by F. J. Varley The Siege of Oxford (Oxford, 1932),p. 131.Google Scholar
  3. 8.
    V. T. C. Smith, ‘The Artillery Defences at Gravesend’, Archaeologia Cantiana, LXXXIX (1974), 153–4.Google Scholar
  4. 11.
    B. Whitelocke, Memorials of the English Affairs 1625–1660 (Oxford, 1853 ), I, p. 184.Google Scholar
  5. 19.
    W. F. Grimes, The Excavation of Roman and Medieval London (London, 1968 ), pp. 83–8.Google Scholar
  6. 71.
    S. Porter, ‘Property destruction in Civil War London’, Trans. of the London and Middlesex Archaeological Soc., 35 (1984), 59–62.Google Scholar
  7. 81.
    O. F. G. Hogg, ‘The Office of Master Gunner of Whitehall and of St. James Park’, Journal of the Royal Artillery, cv, no. 2 (1978), 86.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Stephen Porter 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victor Smith
  • Peter Kelsey

There are no affiliations available

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