Transportation is the linkage process in logistics and often consumes much of the resources provided to the logistics function. It once dominated the distribution activity (and indeed for many companies it was the distribution function) but for most companies it is now integrated into an overall activity. There are three factors that need to be considered. Operational factors include: customer, environmental, product and company characteristics. The choice of transport mode is influenced by: load size, density, value, competitive necessity and cost structures. Channel strategy considerations include the identification of available channels and the interfaces within each channel.
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