Race, Culture and Nationhood



In a report on the 1993 conference of the International Air Transport Association, the aviation magazine Flight International quoted accident statistics for 1959–93. These showed that the number of crashes per million airline departures caused by the aircraft’s crew varied widely across the world. Drawing on the work of behavioural scientist Geert Hofstede, the magazine linked such variations to national cultural differences.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes and References

  1. 2.
    Ernest Renan, ‘What is a nation?’, trans Martin Thom, in Homi K. Babha (ed.), Nations and Narration (London: Routledge, 1990) p. 13; all subsequent quotes are from this edition.Google Scholar
  2. 5.
    E. J. Hobsbawm, Nations and Nationalism since 1780: Programme, Myth, Reality (Cambridge University Press, 1922 [2nd edn;1st edn 1990]).Google Scholar
  3. 10.
    J. S. Mill, ‘Utilitarianism, Liberalism and Representative Government’, in On Liberty and Other Essays (ed. John Grey) (Oxford University Press, 1993 ).Google Scholar
  4. 14.
    Eric Hobsbawm, ‘Mass-Producing Traditions: Europe, 1870–1914’, in Eric Hobsbawm and Terence Ranger (eds), The Invention of Tradition (Cambridge University Press, 1983 ) p. 264.Google Scholar
  5. 17.
    Jules Michelet, France Before Europe ( Boston: Roberts Brothers, 1871 ) p. 59.Google Scholar
  6. 18.
    Jules Michelet, The People, trans John P. McKay (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1973 [first pub. 1846]) p. 210.Google Scholar
  7. 20.
    Maurice Barrès, Scènes et Doctrines du Nationalisme (Paris: Plon-Nourrit, 1925 [orig. pub. 1902]) vol. 1, pp. 84,129.Google Scholar
  8. 21.
    Jules Michelet, History of France, trans Walter Kelly (London: Chapman & Hall, 1844). vol. 1, p. 1.Google Scholar
  9. 25.
    D. Lochak, ‘Etrangers et citoyens au regard du droit’, in C. Wihtol de Wenden (ed), La Citoyenneté ( Paris: Edilig/Fondation Diderot, 1988 ) p. 78.Google Scholar
  10. 26.
    Ernest Renan, The Future of Science (Boston: Roberts Brothers, 1891) pp. xiv-xv.Google Scholar
  11. 27.
    Ernest Renan, ‘Des service rendus aux sciences historiques par la philologie’, in Oeuvres Complètes (Paris: Calmann-Levy, 1947–61) vol. 8, 1220.Google Scholar
  12. 35.
    E. B. Tylor, Researches into the Early History of Mankind ( London: John Murray, 1865 ) p. 361.Google Scholar
  13. 36.
    Hippolyte Taine, History of English Literature, trans H. van Laun (Philadelphia: Gebbie Publishing, 1897 [first pub. 1864]) vol. 1, p. 8.Google Scholar
  14. 45.
    Ernest Gellner, Relativism and the Social Sciences (Cambridge University Press, 1985) p. 83.Google Scholar
  15. 48.
    Eric Hobsbawm, Age of Extremes: The Short Twentieth Century (London: Michael Joseph, 1994) pp. 6, 7.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kenan Malik 1996

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations