Bergonzi may or may not be right that thirties writers ‘were the first literary generation in England to have to face mass civilisation directly’, but it is certainly the case that their encounter with it through the discourses and effects of mass-media power is ‘a major determinant of the literature of the time’.1


British Writer British Broadcasting Corporation Light Programme Collect Essay Radio Play 
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  1. 656.
    Bergonzi, Reading the Thirties, p. 143.Google Scholar
  2. 657.
    Spender, World Within World, p. 202.Google Scholar
  3. 658.
    Malcolm Biddiss, The Age of the Masses: Ideas and Society in Europe since 1870 (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1977), pp. 16–17.Google Scholar
  4. 659.
    Calder, People’s War, p. 230.Google Scholar
  5. 660.
    Ibid., pp. 500–1.Google Scholar
  6. 661.
    Jack Common, The Freedom of the Streets (London: Secker and Warburg, 1938), pp. 3–4 and 29.Google Scholar
  7. 662.
    Winifred Holtby, Women and A Changing Civilization (London: Longmans, 1934; repr. Chicago: Academy Press, 1978), pp. 83 and 121–2.Google Scholar
  8. 663.
    Jeanine Basinger, A Woman’s View: How Hollywood Spoke to Women 1930–1960 (London: Chatto and Windus, 1993)Google Scholar
  9. 664.
    reviewed by Julie Wheelwright, ‘The Pancake Factory’, Guardian (5 January 1994), pp. 8–9.Google Scholar
  10. 665.
    See also Christine Gledhill (ed.), Stardom (London: Routledge, 1991)Google Scholar
  11. 666.
    Tarda Modleski, Loving with a Vengeance: Mass produced Fantasies for Women (New York and London: Routledge, 1990).Google Scholar
  12. 667.
    See Lewis Mumford, Technics and Civilization (London: Routledge, 1934), pp. 212–14.Google Scholar
  13. 668.
    See Virginia Woolf, ‘Mr Bennett and Mrs Brown’ (1924)Google Scholar
  14. 669.
    in her Collected Essays, ed. Leonard Woolf, Vol. I (London: Hogarth, 1966), p. 320.Google Scholar
  15. 670.
    Isherwood, ‘Los Angeles’ (1947), Exhumations, p. 320.Google Scholar
  16. 671.
    Gielgud, British Radio Drama, p. 7.Google Scholar
  17. 672.
    Bridson, Prospero and Ariel, p. 179.Google Scholar
  18. 673.
    Heppenstall, Portrait of the Artist as a Professional Man, pp. 36–7.Google Scholar
  19. 674.
    See Kate Whitehead, The Third Programme: A Literary History (Oxford: Clarendon, 1987).Google Scholar
  20. 675.
    MacNeice Introduction to 1963 edition of Christopher Columbus repr. in his Selected Plays, pp. 3–4.Google Scholar
  21. 676.
    See Introduction, above, pp. 2–3.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Keith Williams 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Keith Williams
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EnglishUniversity of DundeeScotland

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