The absence of the acute levels of armed conflict and ideological polarisation that characterised Central America during the 1980s has meant that current prospects for a gradual improvement in the rule of law and the strengthening of a liberal democratic order are perhaps better than in any previous period. In the wake of the civil wars, both regional and international actors have come to view institutional reform of the state and political system as necessary to ensure the observance of basic human rights guarantees and the construction of a more democratic order. However, as has been indicated throughout this volume, Central America’s democracy is still in formation and the process of transition and consolidation in a region characterised by the absence of democratic traditions and the fragility of existing institutions is necessarily both slow and difficult.
KeywordsPolitical Party Police Force Armed Conflict Effective Representation Party System
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