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The Second Collapse

  • Richard T. Phillips
Chapter

Abstract

To a country grown accustomed to the depredations imposed and the privileges demanded by the Western powers, the Japanese onslaught from 1931 to 1945 represented a heightened danger from the maritime side of China. Here was a conquering force which had definite ambitions for a monopoly of control in China, either to be exercised directly or through collaborationist governments which would serve Japan’s whim. The result was almost a return to the earlier experience of overall conquest of China by outsiders, but this time it was carried out by a country which, although once in awe of China, had now progressed to account China as backward and in need of guidance. Although the Japanese had reached their position of military strength with the help of Western-style industry and training, they regarded many aspects of the West as unacceptable. In particular in the 1930s they attacked liberalism and communism as threats to the Eastern way of life. They anticipated the stemming of Western influence in China by the promotion of the older ideologies of China and by restricting China’s role to that of provider of raw materials for Japan’s industry.

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Copyright information

© Richard T. Phillips 1996

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  • Richard T. Phillips

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