Opposition to PRI ‘Hegemony’ in Oaxaca
Mexico is currently experiencing, in an acute form, the dilemma faced by most Latin American countries: can economic liberalisation be made compatible with democratisation? Having signed the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1992, Mexico in 1994 held Presidential and legislative elections that were scrutinised, as never before, for their efficiency, openness and fairness. To an outsider, this may seem strange, since Mexico claims to be a representative federal democracy, with elections, on various territorial scales, held on regular cycles since the 1920s. But, until recently, the Partido Revolucionario Institutional (PRI) has held office continuously at all significant levels of government. It is only in the last handful of years that the conservative Partido de Actión Nacional (PAN) has gained the governorship of Guanajuato by Presidential fiat and Baja California, Chihuahua and Jalisco by electoral victory, and that the PRI has been seriously challenged for the Presidency of Mexico — in 1988 and 1994.
KeywordsMexico City Business Group North American Free Trade Agreement Electoral Competition Opposition Parti
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