Conservative Catalanism and the Republicanism of Lerroux
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After the Lliga Regionalista’s first victory in Barcelona in the 1901 general election, the municipal elections held in the Catalan capital in November of the same year were won by a Republican coalition which doubled the number of votes it had obtained in May. In some ten other Catalan towns and cities, the majority on the local council shifted to the Republicans. The Republican revival in Barcelona was the result of the high turnout of artisans and manual workers which was one of the indications of the climate of popular protest, already revealed by the May 1901 tram strike, an action that led to the Barcelona general strike of February 1902. As long as Catalanism failed to predominate in Barcelona, it would never achieve political hegemony in Catalonia.
KeywordsMunicipal Election Catalanist Movement RepUblican Vote Popular Protest Political Hegemony
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