The Political Provincialization and Economic Growth of Catalonia in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
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By the so-called Decree of Nueva Planta, issued by Philip V in 1716, Catalonia’s former political system was replaced by one in which royal authority was all-encompassing. Councillors, who were normally nobles, were designated by the Crown for life to head the local councils, putting an end to the participation of the merchants, members of the liberal professions, craftsmen, and shopkeepers who had previously been appointed periodically by drawing lots. Seigniorial rights, on the other hand, were maintained intact throughout most of the country. By present-day standards, the former system had not been democratic, but the popular classes became much further removed from political institutions from 1714 onwards.
KeywordsNineteenth Century Mother Tongue Compulsory Military Service Catalan Literature Liberal Profession
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