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Home Rule and Unionism: to 1912

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Part of the British History in Perspective book series (BHP)

Abstract

Ireland entered the twentieth century as part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the second island, an area of some 32,595 square miles, with a population, according to the 1901 census, of 4,458,775. Joined, on 1 January 1801, to Britain by the Act of Union, Ireland as a whole had not prospered in the nineteenth century, despite being hitched to the world’s leading industrial and imperial power. As communications increased, literacy expanded and democratic institutions advanced, the discontents of a largely rural, Catholic people within an urban, Protestant kingdom steadily found their voice.

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Notes

  1. 2.
    D. Gwynn, The Life of John Redmond (London, 1932), p. 232.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    J. A. Spender, Life of Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman (London, 1923), vol. II, p. 339.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    F. S. L. Lyons, Ireland since the Famine (London, 1971), p. 262.Google Scholar
  4. 7.
    C. Gavan Duffy, Thomas Davis: A Memoir (London, 1895), p. 66.Google Scholar
  5. 8.
    Thomas Davis, ‘An Address Read before the Historical Society, Dublin, 16 June 1840’, quoted in Robert Kee, The Green Flag, vol. 1: The Most Distressful Country (London, 1976), p. 196.Google Scholar
  6. 9.
    John Redmond, House of Commons Debates (hereafter HC Debs),vol. XXXIX, cols 1085–6 (13 June 1912).Google Scholar
  7. 10.
    H. H. Asquith, HC Debs, vol. XXXVI, col. 1407 (12 April 1912).Google Scholar
  8. 17.
    Ronald McNeill, Ulster’s Stand for Union (New York, 1920), p. 107.Google Scholar
  9. 19.
    See R. J. Lawrence, The Government of Northern Ireland (Oxford, 1965), p. 13,Google Scholar
  10. 19.
    S. Rosenbaum (ed.), Against Home Rule (London, 1912), p. 18Google Scholar

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© David Harkness 1996

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