Carrying Each Other’s Burden: Political Challenge in the Horn of Africa
The Horn has endured recurrent hardships in the last half century. Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia and Sudan have suffered combined effects of domestic neglect and natural calamities. Devastated by war, famine, and pestilence, each is extremely vulnerable and faces an uncertain future. By all measures of the development scale, they are at the bottom.1 The postcolonial decades have been squandered on conflicts, because disagreements that could have been solved by reason and mutual understanding were allowed to grow into emotional hostilities, irrational policies, and destructive wars. The landscape is strewn with the corpses of humans and animals and the wreckage of war machines. Scars of war are visible in the unprecedented level of handicapped and disabled citizens languishing in overcrowded towns and desolate villages, deprived of minimum rehabilitation facilities. Why did regimes in the region fail to resolve national crises before they became catastrophes? Why did institutions established after decolonization fail? Are civil wars the only vehicle for achieving national unity and building civil societies? Why did international and regional political organizations refuse or hesitate to offer assistance, or engage constructively to preempt or contain conflicts?
KeywordsConflict Resolution Political Culture Constitutional State Constitutional Regime Colonial Administrator
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