Structural Adjustment and the Prospects for Democracy in Southern Africa

  • Manfred A. Bienefeld
Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)

Abstract

The economic liberalization associated with orthodox structural adjustment is unlikely to permit the consolidation or deepening of democracy in southern Africa. Indeed, by introducing additional tensions and uncertainties into a highly charged political situation, it is far more likely to extinguish the flickering flame of freedom and pave the way for chaos or authoritarianism. If, by chance, democracy should survive, it would be a Guatemalan democracy that merely obscured an authoritarian reality.

Keywords

Europe Income Explosive Boulder Defend 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    B. Gills and J. Rocamora, ‘Low Intensity Democracy,’ Third World Quarterly, 13, 3 (1992).Google Scholar
  2. 9.
    Victoria Brittain, ‘Angolan Democracy: The International Betrayal,’ Southern Africa Report, 9, 3 (January 1994).Google Scholar
  3. 11.
    W. Hutton, ‘Markets threaten democracy’s fabric,’ Guardian Weekly, 16 January 1994, p. 21.Google Scholar
  4. 15.
    A. S. Milward, The Reconstruction of Western Europe: 1945–1951 ( London: Methuen, 1984 ).Google Scholar
  5. 16.
    K. B. Dillon and L. Duran-Downing, Officially Supported Export Credits: Developments and Prospects, IMF World Economic and Financial Surveys ( Washington: IMF, February 1988 ).Google Scholar
  6. 19.
    R. B. Manaut ‘Identity Crisis: The Military in Changing Times,’ NACLA Report on the Americas, 27, 2 (September/October 1993 ), p. 15.Google Scholar
  7. 20.
    R. Stackhouse, ‘Freedom remains only a promise,’ Toronto Globe and Mail, 18 March 1993, p. A9.Google Scholar
  8. 27.
    P. Krugman, ‘The Case for Stabilizing Exchange Rates,’ Oxford Review of Economic Policy (Autumn 1989), pp. 65–6.Google Scholar
  9. 28.
    IMF, Staff Studies for the World Economic Outlook ( Washington: IMF, August 1989 ), p. 4.Google Scholar
  10. 30.
    Dani Rodrik, ‘How Adjustment Policies should be Designed,’ World Development, 18, 7 (July 1990).Google Scholar
  11. 31.
    J. Sachs, ‘Trade and Exchange Rate Policies in Growth Oriented Adjustment Policies,’ in V. Corbo (ed.), Growth Oriented Adjustment Programs (Washington: 1987 ).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 32.
    World Bank, World Development Report 1989 ( Washington: World Bank, 1989 ), p. 4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 36.
    F. Hahn, ‘Reflections on the Invisible Hand,’ Lloyds Bank Review (April 1982).Google Scholar
  14. 38.
    World Bank, Adjustment Lending: An Evaluation of Ten Years of Experience ( Washington: Policy and Research Series, World Bank, 1988 ), p. 66.Google Scholar
  15. 42.
    W. J. Baumol, ‘On the Implications of the Conference Discussions’ in W. J. Baumol (ed.), Public and Private Enterprise in a Mixed Economy ( London: Macmillan, 1980 ), p. 301.Google Scholar
  16. 65.
    M. A. Bienefeld, ‘Dependency in the Eighties,’ IDS Bulletin, 12, 1 (December 1980).Google Scholar
  17. 66.
    World Bank, World Development Report 1985 ( Washington: World Bank, 1985 ), p. 2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 70.
    J. Bhagwati ‘Rethinking Trade Strategy’ in J. P. Lewis and V. Kallab (eds), Development Strategies Reconsidered ( New Brunswick: Transaction Books, 1987 ), p. 101.Google Scholar
  19. 79.
    D. Munro, The Four Horsemen: The Flames of War in the Third World ( Don Mills, Ont.: Mission Book Co., 1987 ), p. 23.Google Scholar
  20. 80.
    B. Warren, Imperialism: Pioneer of Capitalism ( London: Verso, 1982 ).Google Scholar
  21. 81.
    R. Gastil, Freedom in the World: Political Rights and Civil Liberties 1985–1986 ( New York: Greenwood, 1986 ).Google Scholar
  22. 82.
    Eduardo Galeano, ‘The Corruption of Memory,’ NACLA Report on the Americas, 27, 3 (Nov–Dec 1993 ).Google Scholar
  23. 83.
    K. van den Heuvel and S. F. Cohen, ‘Last Chance,’ The Nation, 24 January 1994, p. 76.Google Scholar
  24. 84.
    L. Whittington, ‘Doubts about Democracy: Some leaders feel they must first destroy it in order to save it,’ The Ottawa Citizen, 19 April 1992, p. B5.Google Scholar
  25. 86.
    H. Krombach, ‘Can tolerance be taught?’, London School of Economics Monitor (London: LSE, 1993 ).Google Scholar
  26. 93.
    P. B. Rana and J. Dowling, ‘Big Bang’s Bust,’ The International Economy, September/October 1993.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manfred A. Bienefeld

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations