• Geoffrey Roberts


Writing on the 1917–18 period in Soviet foreign relations, Richard Debo concludes:

Soviet foreign policy in the first years of the Bolshevik revolution was an amalgam of ideology and expediency, Utopian expectation and realistic calculation, daring innovation and classical diplomacy.1


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes and References

  1. 1.
    R. K. Debo, Revolution and Survival: The Foreign Policy of Soviet Russia 1917–1918(Liverpool, 1979), p. 420.Google Scholar
  2. See also the same author’s Survival and Consolidation: The Foreign Policy of Soviet Russia, 1918–1921(Montreal, 1992).Google Scholar
  3. 2.
    On the ideology of collective security and its role in foreign policy practice see G. Roberts, The Unholy Alliance: Stalin’s Pact with Hitler(London, 1989), ch. 3.Google Scholar
  4. 3.
    See the Appendix for the text of the congress resolution on the pact. For background information: ibid. , ch. 2; T.J. Uldricks, ‘Evolving Soviet View of the Nazi-Soviet Pact’ in R. Frucht (ed.), Labyrinth of Nationalism, Complexities of Diplomacy(Columbus, OH, 1992);Google Scholar
  5. L. Bezymensky, ‘The Secret Protocols of 1989 as a Problem of Soviet Historiography’, in G. Gorodetsky (ed.), Soviet Foreign Policy, 1917–1991(London, 1994);Google Scholar
  6. M. Hagen, ‘History and Politics under Gorbachev’, Harriman Institute Forum(November 1988);Google Scholar
  7. T. Sherlock, ‘New Thinking on the Nazi-Soviet Pact’, Report on the USSR,28 July 1989;Google Scholar
  8. T. S. Szayna, ‘Addressing “Blank Spots” in Polish-Soviet Relations’, Problems of Communism(November–December 1988);Google Scholar
  9. V. Tolz and T. Sherlock, ‘Latest Attempts to Review History of Soviet-Polish Relations’, Report on the USSR,23 June 1989;Google Scholar
  10. and A. Chubaryan, ‘Revolution and Renewal in History: The Russian and European Experience’, Britain-USSR(April 1990).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Geoffrey Roberts 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geoffrey Roberts

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations