Le Pen: The Man and His Party

  • Jonathan Marcus

Abstract

The Gaullist legacy means that French politics are in large part Presidential politics. The outcome of the referendum of October 1962 — which established the direct popular election of the President — has had a fundamental impact upon both French politicians and political parties. The presidential politics of the Fifth Republic has placed an enormous emphasis on the personality of party leaders. For political success you need at least two things: an attractive candidate and an efficient party machine to secure victory.

Keywords

Propa Beach Fishing Dien Egypt 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    J.-M. Le Pen, Les Français d’abord (Paris: Carrère/Lafon, 1984), p. 34.Google Scholar
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  4. 12.
    The classic study of Poujadisme remains that of S. Hoffmann, Le Mouvement Poujade (Paris: Librarie Armand Colin, 1956).Google Scholar
  5. 14.
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    By far the best discussion of the National Front’s currents and inner workings is provided by G. Birenbaum, Le Front national en politique (Paris: Editions Balland, 1992), pp. 244–53.Google Scholar
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    Y. Piat, Seule, tout en haut à droite (Paris: Fixot, 1991), pp. 106–7.Google Scholar
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    Identité, No.4, November/December 1989. For a discussion of Action française, the right-wing intellectual group founded in response to the Dreyfus Affair, see A. Cobban, A History of Modern France, Volume 3: 1871–1962 (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1965), pp. 86–9.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Jonathan Marcus 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan Marcus

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