Social Security Reform in Urban China: The Case of Shanghai

  • Steve Pudney


China is a huge developing country. Like other developing countries, it faces serious problems in achieving an adequate rate of development and simultaneously distributing the fruits of development equitably among its people. Since 1979, China has been following a programme of economic reform designed to develop a more efficient market-oriented economic system. Although there have been setbacks in this programme, the results have been impressive. Price reforms and the introduction of the household contracting system produced a dramatic increase in agricultural output in the early 1980s. Village and township enterprises have developed at a rapid rate and have absorbed a great deal of surplus rural labour. The open door policy has made possible a very high rate of export growth.


Social Security Pension System Unemployment Benefit Unemployment Insurance Social Security System 
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© Ha-Joon Chang and Peter Nolan 1995

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  • Steve Pudney

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