Social Security Reform in Urban China: The Case of Shanghai

  • Steve Pudney

Abstract

China is a huge developing country. Like other developing countries, it faces serious problems in achieving an adequate rate of development and simultaneously distributing the fruits of development equitably among its people. Since 1979, China has been following a programme of economic reform designed to develop a more efficient market-oriented economic system. Although there have been setbacks in this programme, the results have been impressive. Price reforms and the introduction of the household contracting system produced a dramatic increase in agricultural output in the early 1980s. Village and township enterprises have developed at a rapid rate and have absorbed a great deal of surplus rural labour. The open door policy has made possible a very high rate of export growth.

Keywords

Depression Europe Income Expense OECD 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ahmad, E. and Hussain, A. (1991) ‘Social Security in China: A Historical Perspective’, in E. Ahmad, J. Dreze, J. Hills and A. Sen (eds), Social Security in Developing Countries (Oxford: Clarendon Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Atkinson, A.B. (1990) ‘Unemployment Insurance and Economic Reform in China’, China Programme Discussion Paper no. 7, STICERD, LSE.Google Scholar
  3. — (1992) ‘The Social Safety Net’, Welfare State Programme Discussion Paper no. 66, STICERD, LSE.Google Scholar
  4. Blank, R. and Card, D. (1991) ‘Recent Trends in Insured and Uninsured Unemployment: Is There an Explanation?’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 106, pp. 1157–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Diamond, P. (1992) ‘Pension Reform in a Transition Economy: Notes on Poland and Chile’, NBER Discussion Paper.Google Scholar
  6. Evans, D. and Jovanovich, B. (1989) ‘An Estimated Model of Entrepreneurial Choice under Liquidity Constraints, Journal of Political Economy, 97, pp. 808–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fu, G., Hussain, A. Pudney, S.E. and Wang, L. (1992) ‘Unemployment in Urban China: An Analysis of Survey Data from Shanghai’, China Programme Discussion Paper no. CP21, STICERD, LSE.Google Scholar
  8. Hakim, C. (1989) ‘Identifying Fast Growth Small Firms’. Employment Gazette, January.Google Scholar
  9. Hambor, J.C. (1992) ‘Issues in Eastern European Social Security Reform’, Research Paper 9201, Office of Policy Analysis, US Treasury Department.Google Scholar
  10. Hansard (1992) ‘House of Commons Written Answer to Parliamentary Question’, 11 March 1992, column 527.Google Scholar
  11. Hussain, A. and Liu, H. (1989) ‘Compendium of Literature on the Chinese Social Security System’, China Programme Discussion Paper no. 3, STICERD, LSE.Google Scholar
  12. Hussain, A. and Stern, N. (1992) ‘The Role of the State, Ownership and Taxation in Transitional Economies, Paper presented at CEPR Workshop on ‘Taxation in Eastern Europe’, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  13. Lipton, D. and Sachs, J. (1990a) ‘Creating a Market Economy in Eastern Europe’, Bookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1, pp. 75–133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. — (1990b) ‘Privatisation in Eastern Europe: The Case of Poland’, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 2, pp. 293–333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Micklewright, J. (1992) ‘Why do Only a Quarter of the Unemployed in Britain Receive Unemployment Insurance?’, Discussion Paper, European University Institute, Florence.Google Scholar
  16. NPCO (National Population Census Office) (1991) Major Figures of the Fourth National Population Census of China (Beijing: China Statistical Publishing House).Google Scholar
  17. OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) (1991) Evaluating Labour Market Programmes: The State of a Complex Art (Paris: OECD).Google Scholar
  18. OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) (1992) Employment Outlook (Paris: OECD).Google Scholar
  19. Office of Population Censuses and Surveys (1992) Retirement and Retirement Plans (London: HMSO).Google Scholar
  20. Osmani, S.R. (1991) ‘Social security in South Asia’, in E. Ahmad, J. Dreze, J. Hills and A. Sen (eds), Social Security in Developing Countries (Oxford: Clarendon Press).Google Scholar
  21. Pudney, S.E. (1990) ‘China’s Housing Crisis: Evidence from Survey Data’, mimeo, DAE, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  22. Ridder, G. (1986) ‘An Event History Approach to the Evaluation of Training, Recruitment and Employment Programmes, Journal of Applied Econometrics, 1, pp. 109–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Smeaton, D. (1992) ‘Self-employment — Some Preliminary Findings’, Centre for Economic Performance Discussion Paper no. 96, LSE.Google Scholar
  24. State Council (1991) ‘State Council Resolution on the Reform of the Pension System for Enterprise Workers’, Peoples Daily, 10 October.Google Scholar
  25. World Bank (1990) ‘China: Reforming Social Security in a Socialist Economy’, unpublished report no. 8074-CHA.Google Scholar
  26. Young, A. (1992) ‘A Tale of Two Cities: Factor Accumulation and Technical Change in Hong Kong and Singapore’, in NBER Macroeconomics Annual.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Ha-Joon Chang and Peter Nolan 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steve Pudney

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations