Advertisement

Thirty Years of Legal Practice in the Shadow of the State: The Taming of Leviathan

  • Etienne Le Roy
Chapter
Part of the St Antony’s/Macmillan Series book series

Abstract

Research on the legal systems in francophone Africa has long tended to focus on the way in which these were created by the colonial and post-colonial state according to the coloniser’s cultural conceptions, influenced by the expansion of the market economy and the gradual submission of local societies to the laws of capitalism. No study of the legal strategies introduced in the last thirty years can underestimate the significance of political, economic and socio-cultural factors on the legal system, and on the effects of this system on the changing economic relations and the authority and legitimacy of the state. F.G. Snyder’s wide-ranging critical evaluation of anglophone literature (from 1980) not only confirmed these earlier assessments, it also drew attention to common features in the evolution of the legal systems in anglophone and francophone states.1

Keywords

Legal System Legal Practice Legal Strategy Multilateral Cooperation Professional Competition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    See F.G. Snyder, ‘Law and Society in the Light of Dependency Theory’, Law and Society Review, vol. 14 (Spring 1980), no. 3, 723–804, and E. Le Roy, ‘Droit et développement en Afrique noire francophone après dix années d’indépendance politique’. Revue sénégalaise de Droit, no. 9 (March 1971) 52–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cf. G. Hyden, Beyond Ujamaa in Tanzania: Underdevelopment and an uncaptured peasantry, (London: Heineman, 1980), p. 270; P. Geschiere, ‘La paysannerie africaine est-elle captive?’, Politique africaine, vol. XIV (June 1984).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    T. Hobbes, Leviathan, (Harmondsworth: Penguin Classics 1986), p. 81.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    E. Le Roy, ‘L’introduction du modèle de l’Etat en Afrique francophone; logiques et mythologiques du discours juridique’, in C. Coquery Vidrovitch, and A. Forest, Décolonisation et nouvelles dépendances (Lille: Presses Universitaires).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    C. Coquery Vidrovitch, ‘Le régime foncier rural en Afrique noire’, E. le Bris, E. le Roy and F. Leindorfer, Enjeux fonciers en Afrique noire (Paris: ORSTOM-Karthala, 1982).Google Scholar
  6. 7.
    See the examples from Mali described in M. Bertrand, ‘L’enjeu de la terre dans les clientèles lignagères et politique maliennes: l’example de Sikasso et de Koutiala dans le sud du pays’, Paris, cyclostyled, 1988.Google Scholar
  7. 8.
    Lecture given by the First President Bayonna to the seminar ‘La vie du Droit en Afrique’, quoted in Penant, no. 761 (1978) 315–24.Google Scholar
  8. 9.
    K.B. Adjamaghbo, ‘Les successions au Togo: Réalisme d’un code, réalités loméennes’, Thesis, Paris University 1, 1986.Google Scholar
  9. 10.
    E. Le Roy, ‘Rapports de mission du consultant-juriste en République fédérale islamique des Comores’, Rome, FAO, November 1986 and October 1987.Google Scholar
  10. 11.
    E. Le Roy, La Réforme du Droit de la terre dans certains pays d’Afrique francophone (Rome, FAO, Legal Study No. 44, 1987); C. Coquery-Vidrovitch, ‘Le Régime foncier rural en Afrique noire’, op. cit. B. Crousse, E. Le Bris, E. Le Roy, Espaces disputés en Afrique noire, pratiques foncières locales (Paris: Karthala, 1986).Google Scholar
  11. 12.
    A. Mbembé, Afrique indociles, christianisme, pouvoir et Etat en société post-coloniale (Paris: Karthala, 1988), p. 65.Google Scholar
  12. 13.
    E. Le Roy, ‘Un siècle de crise et de développement au Sénégal’ Y-a-t-il crise du développement?, (Paris: GEMDEV, 1985).Google Scholar
  13. 14.
    J.L. Piermay, ‘Le détournement d’espace. Corruption et stratégies de détournement dans les pratiques foncières urbaines en Afrique centrale’. Politique africaine, no. 21 (March 1986).Google Scholar
  14. 15.
    Ibid., p. 27.Google Scholar
  15. 16.
    J.W. Salacuse, The National Land Law System of Zaire (Madison: University of Wisconsin, Land Tenure Center, 1985), p. 47.Google Scholar
  16. 17.
    A. Abouhani, ‘Villes marocaines. Le poids des notables’, Etudes foncières, no. 33, (March 1988) 30–5.Google Scholar
  17. 18.
    Ibid., p. 33.Google Scholar
  18. 19.
    C. Toulabor, ‘Jeux de mots, jeux de vilains. Lexique de la dérision politique au Togo’. Politique africaine, no. 3, (1981) 55–71.Google Scholar
  19. 20.
    Article 31 of the Constitution of 30 December 1969, quoted in E. Le Roy, La réforme du Droit de la terre … p. 54; A. Gabou, Les constitutions congolaises (Paris: LGDJ, 1984).Google Scholar
  20. 21.
    These explanations are based on personal observations in 1972–3 and on data in R. Ziavoula, ‘L’espace foncier de Brazzaville: Pratiques juridiques et stratégies sociales’, Thesis (Dept of Geography), Paris University 1, 1987.Google Scholar
  21. 22.
    See F.G. Snyder, ‘Rethinking African Customary Law’, The Modern Law Review (March 1988) 252; S. Falk Moore, Social Facts and Fabrications, Customary Law on Kilimanjaro, 1880–1980 (Cambridge University Press, 1986).Google Scholar
  22. 23.
    That is to say, ‘non state law’ (customary law, Islamic law, local law, popular law). Cf. E. Le Roy, ‘La formation des droits coutumiers depuis la période coloniale’, in Encyclopédie juridique de l’Afrique (Dakar: Nouvelles Editions africaines, 1982) vol. 1, 368–9.Google Scholar
  23. 24.
    P. Bourdieu, ‘Habitus, Code et Codification’, Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales, 1988, vol. 65, p. 40.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Etienne Le Roy

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations