Urban and Economic Development
This chapter deals with two public policy fields: the urban (or ‘inner city’) policies of national governments, especially the role of local government within them, and the economic development policies of local authorities. Both remain fairly insignificant in public expenditure terms, but they have become steadily more important over the past twenty years and have attracted academic attention out of all proportion to their size. They are examined together because they are clearly interrelated. The primary goal of national urban policy since the late 1970s has been the economic regeneration of selected areas and many local authorities have relied significantly on national programmes to support their local development efforts. The two are not synonymous though. They are products of two different policy-making systems and, until a recent and somewhat uneasy ‘truce’, there have been significant tensions between them.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
Notes and references
- 4.Rhodes, R. A. W. Beyond Westminster and Whitehall: The Sub-central Government of Britain (Unwin Hyman, 1988 ), p359.Google Scholar
- 10.See A. Harding, ‘Central Control in British Urban Development Programmes’, in C. Crouch and D. Marquand (eds), The New Centralism: Britain out of Step in Europe? (Blackwell, 1989 ).Google Scholar
- 21.See, for example, M. Parkinson, H. Russell and R. Evans, Liverpool City Challenge: First Report of the Independent Evaluation Team (Liverpool: EIUA, March 1993 )Google Scholar
- 33.See A. Amin and N. Thrift, `Globalisation, Institutional Thickness and Local Prospects’, paper to the seminar on Challenges in Urban Management, Newcastle University, March 25–7, 1993Google Scholar