Nationalism in East Central Europe: Old Wine in New Bottles?

  • Wojciech Roszkowski


East Central European cultures tend to use two basic terms to describe national phenomena: good ‘patriotism’, which is understood to be loyalty to one’s own nationality, and bad ‘nationalism’, which is an abuse of national feelings.1 West and East European perceptions of nationalism are not compatible. For the sake of the present study some categorisation of nationalisms is therefore necessary.


Communist Party Land Reform National Minority East Central Ethnic Nation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    Dennis J. Dunn, ‘Nationalism and Religion’, in Eastern Europe: Religion and Nationalism (Washington, DC: The Wilson Center East European Program, Occasional Paper No 3, 1985), p. 33.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Peter Alter has recently suggested the following definition: ‘The nation is a politically mobilized people’ (Nationalism, London: Edward Arnold, 1989, p. 10). It may be too general, but otherwise very apt.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Andrzej Walicki, ‘Three Traditions of Polish Patriotism’, in Stanislaw Gomulka and Anthony Polonsky (eds), Polish Paradoxes, (London: Routledge, 1990), p. 22.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Alter, pp. 55–91.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    See Alfred Bilmanis, A History of Latvia (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1951), pp. 231–57; Evald Uustalu, The History of Estonian People (London: Boreas, 1950), pp. 122–46.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Marcin Kula has recently presented various roots of chauvinist nationalism, such as the desire to save a nation from decline, to compensate for humiliation at the hands of foreign oppressors, to overcome backwardness, and so forth. Marcin Kula, Narodowe i rewolucyjne (Warsaw: ‘Więz’, 1991), pp. 30–83.Google Scholar
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    Jan Kofman, ‘Economic Nationalism in East-Central Europe in the Interwar Period’, in Henryk Szlajfer (ed.), Economic Nationalism in East-Central Europe and South America 1918–1939 (Geneve: Librairie Droz, 1990), pp. 133–250.Google Scholar
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    M. C. Kaser and E. A. Radice (eds), The Economic History of Eastern Europe 1919–1975, vol. 1, (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1985), p. 24 ff.Google Scholar
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    See C. A. Macartney, National States and National Minorities, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1934); Stephan M. Horak, Eastern European National Minorities 1919–1980 (New York: Libraries Unlimited, 1985); Raymond Pearson, National Minorities in Eastern Europe 1848–1945 (London: Macmillan, 1983).Google Scholar
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    Wojciech Roszkowski, ‘Land Reforms in East Central Europe after World War One’, in Eastern Europe and Latin America in the 20th Century (forthcoming).Google Scholar
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    A comprehensive, although much exaggerated description of Polish communist nationalism may be found in Michael Checinski, Poland, Nationalism, Anti-Semitism (New York: Karz-Cohl, 1982). For instance, the term ‘final solution’, a reminder of the Nazi Holocaust, used for the communist anti-Semitic purge of 1968 is out of all proportions.Google Scholar
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    J. F. Brown, The New Eastern Europe. The Khrushchev Era and After (New York: F. A. Praeger, 1966), pp. 192–202.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bennet Kovrig, Communism in Hungary from Kun to Kadar (Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1979).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    John D. Bell, The Bulgarian Communist Party from Blagoev to Zhivkov (Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1986).Google Scholar
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    Carol Skalnik Leff, National Conflict in Czechoslovakia. The Making and Remaking of the State 1918–1987 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1988).Google Scholar
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    Romuald J. Misiunas and Rein Taagepera, The Baltic States. Years of Dependence 1940–1980 (Berkeley University of California Press, 1983), p. 197.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Pedro Ramet, Nationalism and Federalism in Yugoslavia 1963–1983 (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1984).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wojciech Roszkowski

There are no affiliations available

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