Pan-Islamism and Pan-Arabism: Solution or Obstacle to Political Reconstruction in the Middle East?

  • Haifaa A. Jawad


Pan-Islamism and pan-Arabism are two major political movements which have a profound effect on the politics of the Middle East. Pan-Islamism emerged during the late nineteenth century and, as the name suggests, pursues the aim of unifying the Muslim world via its commonly-held Islamic beliefs. It emphasizes the universality of Islam, and hence the union of Muslim peoples by arguing that ‘the idea of political unity is inherent in Islam, whose character is a priori international, no less than a complete moral, cultural, legal, social and political system’.1 This comprehensive character of the religion of Islam therefore has deeply influenced and affected the politics of pan-Islamism. The precedent to which the proponents of Pan-Islamism look is the dynamic period of early Islam, the ‘golden age’ in which the Muslim peoples were united.


Middle East Arab Country Arab World World Order Muslim Community 
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© Haifaa A. Jawad 1994

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  • Haifaa A. Jawad

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