Living Standards in a North Indian Village: An Analysis within the Stochastic Dominance Framework
This chapter focuses on the measurement of poverty, inequality and welfare within a unified framework of analysis. It examines these issues on the basis of income data from a North Indian village (Palanpur) collected through four separate surveys in 1957/58, 1962/63, 1974/75 and 1983/84.2 The paper seeks to fulfil two objectives: first, an exposition of how the stochastic dominance approach to measurement can be readily implemented within a small village study context; and second, to shed some light on the interlinked paths traced out by poverty, inequality and welfare over time in the village of Palanpur. We begin with a brief description of the village, followed by an outline of the methodology to be adopted.
KeywordsCumulative Distribution Function Poverty Line Stochastic Dominance Lorenz Curve Inequality Measure
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