• Dilys M Hill
  • Phil Williams
Part of the Southampton Studies in International Policy book series (SSIP)


The verdict of the American electorate on President Bush was passed in November 1992: George Bush joined Jimmy Carter and Gerald Ford as the only incumbent presidents since 1945 who failed to get reelected. Moreover, much press commentary suggested that the Bush presidency, rather like that of Gerald Ford, was transitional: if Ford provided a postscript to the Nixon presidency, the four years of the Bush presidency were essentially an epilogue to the Reagan era. Unlike Ford, however, Bush became president with an election victory of his own. Moreover, Bush cannot be dismissed as another Jimmy Carter. Unlike Carter, who was the quintessential outsider and never came to terms with the peculiarities and demands of politics in Washington,1 George Bush was an insider. He had considerable experience in government, and had served a long apprenticeship for the presidency. Consequendy, Bush did not have to engage in the kind of ‘on-the-job training’ that characterized Carter.2


Foreign Policy Bush Administration Divided Government Election Victory American Electorate 
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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dilys M Hill
  • Phil Williams

There are no affiliations available

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