The Age of Discovery was driven to a considerable extent by competition between the great powers, which included recurring efforts by a number of European powers to establish colonial domains in the Caribbean. While Spain eventually emerged as the dominant regional power in the early phase of colonisation, successive challenges were mounted by competing European colonial powers in the Caribbean basin. Particularly in the case of a number of the smaller islands, continuing great-power competition resulted in changes of colonial master. For example, Jamaica and Trinidad were transferred from Spain to Britain, and Hispaniola (modern-day Haiti and the Dominican Republic) was a pawn in the Franco-Spanish rivalry. The legacy of great-power competition is still evident in the continuing presence of four metropolitan powers in the Caribbean (France, Great Britain, Holland and the United States).
KeywordsDrug Trafficking Caribbean Island Coast Guard North Atlantic Treaty Organization Maritime Affair
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