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Surfacing: Separation, Transition, Incorporation

Chapter

Abstract

Arnold van Gennep’s classic in comparative ethnography, Les Rites de passage, was first published in 1909.1 It collects accounts, more often anecdotal than scientific, of customs and societal patterns throughout the world in which the experience of change was supported, mediated, protected, magically assisted, its meaning constructed and validated, by ceremony and ritual. Van Gennep began by looking at territorial division, movements across boundaries or frontiers, from one linguistic, religious, social or political domain to another. The journey across the frontier may be shortened to the crossing of the threshold where, nevertheless, interdictions must be overcome by magico-religious sanction. Territorial divisions such as these are never simply spatial: transit from one to another will always have implications which are cultural, religious, legal, broadly speaking ideological.

Keywords

Territorial Division Symbolic Modality Thetic Phase Mirror Stage Treasure Hunt 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Arnold van Gennep, The Rites of Passage, trans. Monika B. Vizedom and Gabrielle L. Caffee (London, 1960).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Margaret Atwood, Surfacing (London, 1978). All future page references are to this edition.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Graeme Gibson, Eleven Canadian Novelists (Toronto, 1973) p. 22.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    Margaret Atwood, Collected Poems (New York, 1976) p. 80.Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    Diamond Jenness, The Indians of Canada, 7th edn (Toronto, 1977) p. 187.Google Scholar
  6. 7.
    Margaret Atwood, Survival: A Thematic Guide to Canadian Literature (Toronto, 1972) p. 54.Google Scholar
  7. 8.
    C. G. Jung, ‘On Psychic Energy’, in The Collected Works, trans. R. F. C. Hull, vol. 8, 2nd edn (London, 1969) pp. 61–2.Google Scholar
  8. 9.
    Julia Kristeva, La Revolution du langage poetique (Paris, 1974) trans, by Margaret Waller as Revolution in Poetic Language (New York, 1984). For convenience’s sake I quote from the most widely available text, Toril Moi (ed.), The Kristeva Reader (London, 1986).Google Scholar
  9. 16.
    Jacques Lacan, Écrits: A Selection, trans. Alan Sheridan (London, 1977), particularly ‘The mirror stage as formative of the function of the I as revealed in psychoanalytic experience’ (pp. 1–7). See also Moi (ed.), Kristeva Reader, p. 100.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1994

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