One of the most significant aspects of the Industrial Revolution was that it eventually produced a situation in which the bulk of the working population spent half of their waking lives working in large organisations. We saw in the previous chapter that most adults in Britain, as well as in other advanced capitalist societies, are employed by firms with more than 500 workers. That this figure appears unsensational to us is an indication of the degree to which we are acclimatised to a world dominated by large organisations. However it is worth pondering on the fact that such a situation is a very recent development; that throughout the bulk of human history men and women have lived and worked in small groups, usually the family. Only with the maturing of the Industrial Revolution — in Britain, well into the second half of the nineteenth century — does work in the large firm, the factory, become the norm.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Burns. T. (ed.) (1969) Industrial Man (Harmondsworth: Penguin).Google Scholar
- Harrison, J. F. C. (1984) The Common People (London: Fontana).Google Scholar
- Littler, C. (1986) The Development of the Labour Process in Capitalist Societies (Aldershot: Gower).Google Scholar
- Pugh, D. S. (ed.) (1990) Organisation Theory (Harmondsworth: Penguin).Google Scholar
- Pugh, D. S. and Hickson, D. J. (1989) Writers on Organisations (Harmondsworth: Penguin).Google Scholar
- Rose, M. (1988) Industrial Behaviour (Harmondsworth: Penguin).Google Scholar
- Sofer, C. (1976) Organisations in Theory and Practice (London: Heinemann).Google Scholar
- Taylor, F. W. (1911) The Principles of Scientific Management (New York: Harper & Row).Google Scholar
- Thompson, E. P. (1976) ‘Time, Work-discipline and Industrial Capitalism’, Past and Present, vol. 38.Google Scholar
- Trist, E. A. and Bamforth, K. W. (1990) ‘Some Social and Psychological Consequences of the Longwall Method of Coal-getting’ in D. S. Pugh (ed.) Organisation Theory (Harmondsworth: Penguin).Google Scholar