This chapter outlines the unique transformations that went towards making Hungarian society what it is today. Various transformations that occurred within the Hungarian state struc-tures are assessed, as are the ways in which certain policies resulted in various social consequences. In turn the focus is upon the impact that societal developments had upon the statist structures. A major aim is to look at changing balances of power and within that political participation, especially in terms of later developments in the 1980s and early 1990s. Events in 1989 in Hungary cannot be seen as a knock-on effect as some commentators have viewed developments in the former GDR and Czechoslovakia. The rise of Solidarity, ably chartered by Garton Ash (1985), certainly forms a backdrop to changing interrelations in Hungary, but more significant are the attempts at economic reform from the late 1960s and the widespread influence of the second economy throughout Hungarian society (see Swain, 1992). A particular focus for this study will be women’s participation in, and views of, some of these changing power relations.
KeywordsEconomic Reform Communist Party Shadow Economy Opposition Group Social Democratic Party
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