Spiritual Liberation and Salvation
In Genesis chapter 2 of the Bible, Adam and Eve eat the fruit of the tree of knowledge (3:6) which they were forbidden to eat (2:17). They were told that the consequence would be the end of their idyllic existence; life would be one of toil and suffering culminating in death. ‘Dust you are, to dust you will return’ (3:19) was the punishment declared to them by God. They were expelled from the Garden of Eden which God had created for them. The world, which had been created ‘good’ (God saw all that he had made, and it was very good, Genesis 1:31), had been spoiled by the disobedience of Adam and Eve, the first humans.
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- 1.‘Neither teshuvah (repentance), nor Yom Kippur can wipe away the hurt between one person and another until that hurt has been healed. It is therefore a vital custom within the community for Jews to ask forgiveness of each other, on the eve of Yom Kippur, for any wrong they may have committed or any pain they may have caused’. A. Wood and H. Gryn in Festivals in World Religions, ed. A. Brown (Longman, 1986), p. 197.Google Scholar
- 5.Grewal and Bal (1967), p. 126. Macauliffe (1978), vol. V, p. 96. See also McLeod (1976), chapter 1 and J. S. Grewal, From Guru Nanak to Maharaja Ranjit Singh (Amritsar, 1972), chapter 9.Google Scholar